— Folk Customs —
Changyang Tujia Autonomous County has a long history and a cultural heritage.
Known as the hometown of Chinese folk art.
Biography of Linjun
Linjun, surname Ba, name minister. There is no exam for the year of birth and death. According to historical records and underground archaeological relics, Linjun was the ancestor of the Ba people in late Xia and early Shang Dynasty.
Today is about 3500 years old.
Born in Linjun
Lin Jun was born in a wizard's home in Wuluo Zhongli Mountain, Changyang, on the Bank of Qingjiang River. Wizards were people of high social status at that time. When Lin Jun was born
People also live in caves and fishing and hunting, live in caves, eat prey, and believe in ghosts and gods very much. Therefore, they worship wizards and take advantage of their bad luck.
Calculate the future and decide to go. Wizards are the representatives of "gods" in people's minds. Lin Jun was born in such a family and was influenced by wizards from childhood.
Good education. Linjun, who is talented and eager to learn from his childhood, can catch fish, hunt, divine, witty, brave and skilled.
People are also willing to help others. They are the best among the clans. They have gradually become the leader of the Pap tribe and laid a good foundation for his future career.
Five surnames Alliance
Changyang on both sides of the Qingjiang River was inhabited by human beings 100,000 years ago. By the Neolithic Age, human footprints were spread across both sides of the Qingjiang River.
In Zhonglishan, Wuluo, not only the Pa clan, but also Fan, Qun, Xiangshi and Zheng clans live in harmony.
It's safe to be together. With the development of productive forces, some tribes from the lower reaches of the Qingjiang River to the Jianghan Plain began planting and breeding, and gradually became stronger and stronger.
It threatens the tribes living in the time of fishing and hunting in Zhongli Mountain, Wuluo. Therefore, the young minister decided to take Fan's, Wan's, Xiangshi's and Xiangshi's.
Zheng and other four tribes united to form a unified tribe of five surnames alliance to jointly fight against foreign invasion and ensure the security of the tribe.
Who will be the leader of the Five-surname Alliance? After repeated discussions among the five leaders, they decided to use "sword throwing" to decide the leaders. They choose one
A large cave, set goals and distances, where swords hit the target for the king. Why "throw" sword instead of "dance" sword? It was used at that time.
Stone sharpening sword is not bronze sword, so it can only "throw" but not "dance". As a result of the sword throw, only Ba Wuxiang hit the target by himself. But there are some departments.
It is believed that swordthrowing is too simple and there should be more complex skill competitions to decide who will be the leader of the league. So he decided to go boating in Qingjiang. At that time
In the Neolithic Age, there were neither earthenware boats nor canoes, but logs made of bamboo and wood, mainly used for fishing operations. Bamboo logging can be large
It can be small, long or short. It can be made locally and easily. It is very difficult to drive this kind of felling because of the fast current in Qingjiang Beach. They chose to leave in Wuluo Zhongli
The River race at the foot of the mountain. The Qingjiang River turns 180 degrees here. The water is very dangerous. Bamboo logging may hit the reef at any time and the ship will be destroyed. Match knot
As a result, the four surnames of Fan, Liang, Xiangxiang and Zheng all overwhelmed the bamboo logging. Only the bamboo logging of the Bawu Prefecture reached its destination. Everyone sighs at the two-win situation of Pakistan affairs
Serving as the "leader" of the Five-surname Alliance and the name "Linjun".
After the alliance of the five surnames, they became powerful tribes in the middle reaches of Qingjiang River. Due to the rapid increase of population, the resources of wild animals, fruits and fish in Wuluo Zhongli Mountain have been increased.
Unable to meet the needs of population growth, Lin Jun decided to expand the territory of the tribes. At that time, some tribes in the lower reaches of the Qingjiang River were already very strong, and Linjun decided to send them out.
Take advantage of fishing and hunting, and develop westward along the Qingjiang River.
Qingjiang River, known as Yishui in ancient times, is also called saltwater in the middle and upper reaches centered on salt ponds. Lin Jun selected hundreds of people from five tribes to form the initial military force.
Starting from Wuluo Zhong's departure from the mountains, along the Qingjiang River, we cut through the thorns, expanded our territory, and jointly developed the Qingjiang River with the residents on both sides of the river. Lin Jun rides on bamboo
Cutting, going up the river, fishing and advancing. At the dangerous beach, the bamboo trees are cut down and dismantled, and the bamboo trees are transported manually across the beach, so that the rebuilding and cutting can continue to advance. Document record
Linjun "pioneered the Qingjiang River and had the virtue of Dayu", he was the first person to develop the Qingjiang River.
In the ancient song of Changyang Genesis, there is a ballad "A horn to King Tianzi, blowing out a clear river", and "Xiangwang" is performed by "Xiangxiang" of the Prime Minister of Ba Affairs.
Come in. In memory of Lin Jun, more than 40 Xiangwang temples were built on both sides of the Qingjiang River to express people's yearning for his development of the Qingjiang River.
Salt water war
Linjun headed back to Jiangxi to reach the lower reaches of brine. Yanchi was called Yanyang in ancient times. There lived a powerful tribe of saltwater goddesses. Salt water goddess control
The only salt producing area on both sides of the Qingjiang River is Yanchi. When Linjun arrived, he salivated at the salt. But Saltwater Goddess is a powerful tribe.
Fish have salt, many people are strong, so Linjun went to salt water to meet the goddess, hoping to achieve unity. Salt water goddess Lin Jun is handsome, young and promising.
Spring heart surging, willing to live with Linjun. One came and two stayed, and the goddess stayed with Linjun at night. They were very affectionate and lacquer-like.
Why did the couple turn against each other later? First of all, there are differences in political opinions. Lin Jun is a hot-blooded youth with lofty political aspirations.
Founding a country and starting a business, and the goddess just want to keep her job. Although Lin Jun loved goddesses, he loved his career more. Secondly, there are differences in the distribution of power after reunification.
。 Salt water goddess tribe is still in the matrilineal era, dominated by women, and Lin Jun has entered the era of man-dominated, so after reunification by
The question of who should be the "leader" has been debated endlessly and developed into a state of hostility.
Linjun could not convince the goddess and decided to launch an armed attack. They felled bamboo trees from the Yishui River across the accompanying gorge, attacked the salt pond, and the goddess led the troops back.
Strike. In the war between the two armies in Yanchi, you fought against me and blocked me. When you entered and retreated, you only killed the world dimly and bled everywhere. The goddess was seriously wounded in the war between the two armies for more than ten days.
Linjun won a great victory, occupied the salt pond, and unified the Salt Water Goddess tribe by force.
After defeating the salt water goddess, Lin Jun wanted to continue westward, but he was reluctant to give up the rare salt resources. Despite the war with the goddess, after all
Having had the grace of husband and wife, he decided not to go westward for the time being and build a country on the spot.
Lin Jun occupied the salt pond by force, but the people's hearts have not yet fully returned. In order to appease the goddess tribe, Lin Jun led the Ministry to evacuate the salt pond and use bamboo to cut trees.
Back to Yicheng. In front of Yicheng lies the Qingjiang River, backed by mountains, with forests all over the country and caves connecting. It can catch fish as well as hunt. Yicheng is far away from the salt pond.
For more than twenty years, salt pools are not occupied, but salt can be controlled directly. Yicheng is in the middle reaches of the Qingjiang River, where there are guard gates. It is a key pass for a man to take charge of the gates.
The upper salt control pond can have fish with salt. Linjun decided to establish the "capital" near the mountains and rivers of Yicheng. Ba Wu is equal to Jun, Fan Shi, Qu Shi, Xiang Shi,
Zheng's four surnames, called ministers, began the earliest embryonic form of the ancient Ba State.
White tiger returns to heaven
The handsome, wise, loyal and resolute Prime Minister of Ba Wu became a generation of queens, leading the tribe to develop salt, pottery, planting and aquaculture industries.
To revitalize the national economy and make the five surnames of Pa family become a powerful nation soon. Later, the Western Expedition into Sichuan expanded the territory to the vast areas north and south of the Yangtze River.
It has established a strong Pakistani state in the East and southwest of China. The state of Ba has a history of nearly one thousand years and was destroyed by Qin Dynasty. Despite the death of the country, people are still alive, from generation to generation.
Today's Tujia people live in the vicissitudes of the sea.
Linjun pioneered the earliest history of the ancient Ba Kingdom and rested in Changyang. Legend has it that he died in Qingjiang in order to save an old man from drowning.
The place where you were killed was named "Bawangtuo". The Ba people held a solemn funeral for Linjun in Yicheng. Their remains were buried in Dengxinling behind Yicheng Mountain.
When his body was buried, it turned into a white tiger and flew to the sky. Later, people called Linjun's cemetery "White Tiger Ridge". From ancient Ba people to today's Tujia people
They all regard the white tiger as their totem.
Labor Song: Grass Drum and Gong